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Effective Teaching

by Harry & Rosemary Wong
Special to the Gazette
December 2009/January 2010

Dreams and Wishes Can Come True

Three Successful Beginning Teachers

Without procedures, none of what I teach would
make a difference.

Sarah Ragan
    Title I Reading Teacher
    North Elementary School
    Roxboro, NC


After the initial butterflies, having a script gives
me confidence.

Stacey Greene
    Fifth-Grade Teacher
    Y.E. Smith Elementary Museum School
    Durham, NC


I can barely contain myself from shouting from the
rooftops, 'To all new and struggling teachers, take heart, because procedures work!'

Nick Saadipour
    High School English Teacher
    Granville Central High School
    Stem, NC

The struggles of beginning teachers are many.   Statistics show that 17%
of new teachers will not return for a second year.   In the first three to five years of teaching, over 50% of the teachers will not return to the classroom.

What is it that these three successful teachers did in their first year to keep them in their classrooms and defy the national odds?

Sarah Ragan:  Lost Without Procedures

Sarah says, “In my first year, because I’m a Title I teacher, the school term started late for me.  I watched the other first-year teachers with interest—I wanted to learn from what they did.  Unfortunately, every single one of them struggled on their first day.  Without fail, they would engage their students—not in learning, but in never-ending battles over pencils, hallway behavior, noise levels, and so on. 

“I decided that would not be me.  I had read The First Days of School in college, and that evening, I went home and wrote my First Day of School Script.” 

Sarah’s script contains

  • a welcome message,
  • classroom procedures,
  • behavior guidelines,
  • a statement of high expectations, and
  • a promise to her students.

Click here to see Sarah’s First Day of School Script.

When the term started for Sarah, she set down with her first, fourth, and fifth grade students and introduced them to how the classroom would be run.  As a class, they discussed and modeled each classroom procedure. 

Sarah explained the purpose of the procedures, walked students through their responsibilities, and made sure every single class member understood that the class would achieve success by working together. 

From that day forward, there was never a question
of what Sarah’s students ought to be doing—
her students knew what to do from the minute they stepped in the classroom,
to the time she dismissed them.

Everyone Is a Star

Sarah emphasizes that in her classroom, everyone is a star.  Her behavior guidelines are called the STARS behavior guidelines.

Strive to do your best
reat people and property with respect
ct in a trustworthy and respectful manner
eflect on your actions
how a cooperative spirit

With these guidelines, Sarah has found—much to her initial surprise—that the same students who exhibit behavior issues in other classrooms do not have issues in her class.  Sarah’s students know to enter the classroom each day, look at the schedule written on the board, and get right to work.  They are engaged and learning every minute of class!

Sarah proudly shares, “There is zero downtime in our time together.  My students understand that I expect them to work hard, but also to have fun. 

“I’ve actually been assigned some of the more difficult students to work with—students that my principal calls ‘some of the most streetwise students in school!’  These students begged to come to my class.  They don’t know why they want to come, but I do.  My class is well-managed.  Everything is organized, and I am well-prepared.” 

Sarah even had the pleasure of calling a particularly “streetwise” student’s home to tell his grandma how wonderfully he was doing. 

“My students are responsible for themselves and stay on-task throughout class.  I connect with each student personally.  I know what their cat’s name is, and I know the reason they couldn’t get to sleep last night was because the neighbor was playing loud music.  I encourage my students to do their best!”

It Is Never Too Early or Too Late

Every single one of Sarah’s students made progress last year.  “This is not because,” as Sarah humbly shares, “I am an extraordinary teacher.” 

It is because Sarah’s students had a purpose

They knew what to do (objective),
when to do it (agenda),
and to what extent to do it (rubric).

Please read The First Days of School for more information on creating objectives (page 234) and rubrics (page 266).  For more information on creating an agenda, please read “How to Help Students with Their Assignments” in the August 2004 column.

Sarah, in her very first year of teaching, received glowing evaluations.  From the excellent rapport she has with her students, to the brisk pace of lessons and the warm and inviting classroom environment she has created—Sarah rated “above standard” while the rest of her first-year colleagues floundered. 

Sarah’s advice to new teachers is simple.  Create a plan and work it.  “Even though the first day of school has come and gone, it is not too late to have an effectively-managed classroom.  Create a classroom management plan and implement it, and you will see changes in your students and yourself beyond your wildest imagination. 

“Without procedures, none of what I teach
would make a difference.”

Stacey Greene:  Practice Makes Perfect

Stacey Greene jokes that her students must be sick and tired of having to practice procedures over and over again until they get them right.  Yet, she knows that a little extra effort at the start of the school year is far better than having to raise her voice at her students or to lose her cool with them mid-term. 

Stacey respects and treats her students as she would like them to treat her.  So, on the first day of school, she greets every student at the door with a firm handshake, a cheerful “Good Morning,” and a big smile.  She reasons, if even she—the teacher—was nervous, her students would be nervous, too.  Stacey feels responsible to put her students at ease on their first day of school! 

Start on the Right Foot

Stacey organizes her classroom so everything is in place for her students to begin learning immediately.  There are clear directions posted on the board and the students have no time to visit with each other or to wander around the room.  They put away their book bags, find their assigned desk quickly, and start on the bellwork. 

Once all her students are seated and working diligently, Stacey calls for their attention and introduces herself.  She has a detailed, minute-by-minute First Day of School Script prepared and knows exactly what she wants to tell her students. 

Stacey says, “After the initial butterflies, having a script gives me confidence.  In fact, I have so much for the students to do that the time goes by in a flash!” 

Stacey’s First Day of School Script contains notes, reminders, and procedures.  She has  

  • a welcome greeting,
  • morning bellwork ready to be posted before the students enter the classroom,
  • an introduction of herself and a building community discussion,
  • a discussion on rules, procedures, and expectations—what they are and why they are needed,
  • cues for student input on the kinds of rules, procedures, and expectations they think are necessary for the class to run smoothly,
  • the school assembly procedure and a practice,
  • the bathroom procedure and a practice,
  • assignment of classroom jobs, defining students’ responsibilities, and a practice, and
  • the lunch procedure and a practice.

A crucial element of Stacey’s effectiveness is she introduces and practices the procedures with her students before they are left to carry them out on their own. 

Please click here to see Stacey’s First Day of School Script.

Connect with Your Students

Stacey shares, “Before I started teaching, I would hear disgruntled teachers complain, ‘No matter what I do, the students just don’t get it.’  By ‘it,’ they were referring to the rules and expectations of the teacher.

“I was naturally concerned that despite my best efforts when I start teaching, my students would not get ‘it,’ either.  To my pleasant surprise, I’ve found that it’s not rocket science.  In fact, it is common sense.  I find my students respond to a strategy that we all employ when communicating in our daily lives:

“When someone doesn’t understand what you would like them to do,
rephrase your request, or try to break your request down into terms
that they will understand and can relate to. 
In short, connect with your students.

“The key to a well-managed classroom is making sure that classroom procedures are clear, straightforward, and easy to follow.  Students must understand how to do the classroom procedures, as well as why they are doing them—it is the only way that we, as teachers, will gain their cooperation.”

The Only Constant Is Change

Stacey says, “Learning never stays the same, and children are not the same either.  The only sure thing is I will have to try something new with every new class that I’m privileged to teach. 

“I hope and pray that I will never become a teacher who is so set in my own ways that I cease to be open to new ideas and techniques.  For then, nobody wins.  The teacher who is not dissatisfied with uncooperative students is preventing them from doing their best.

“I am happy with the tone that I set on the first day of school, and every day things get better.  Looking back, I can think of many things that I would have done differently.  But the great news is that I have next year, and the year after, and many more years ahead to give my students the best first day of school ever!” 

Nick Saadipour:  A “Light Bulb Moment”

Nick Saadipour quit an exciting career as an actor to teach.  Soon after walking into the classroom, he found himself stressed out.  Nick had to remind himself daily why he had entered the profession.  Perhaps he had been mistaken in believing teaching was his calling!

Barely weeks into the school year, Nick attended an inservice meeting.  Speakers included  Harry Wong, Chelonnda Seroyer (featured on the DVD in The First Days of School), Cindi Rigsby (North Carolina Teacher of the Year for 2008 - 2009), and motivational speaker Derek Greenfield.  At the end of the workshop, Nick left saying to himself, “Every one of those speakers was more inspiring and moving than a good episode of the Oprah Winfrey show!”

Even better, Nick left the workshop with a renewed energy and a promise of success.  He had had a “light bulb moment.”

At the start of school, Nick thought he was well-prepared.  He had read The First Days of School and had a Classroom Management Plan in hand.  Unfortunately, Nick neglected one key component of a successful classroom management plan.

He introduced his students to his classroom procedures,
but overlooked the need to rehearse and reinforce those procedures.

The problem was not in Nick’s procedures, but in his implementation of procedures.  Professional actors rehearse their lines and actions day in and day out to ensure they do everything right.  So how could Nick expect his students to be experts at his classroom procedures if he hadn’t given them the opportunity to rehearse the procedures?

Slow and Steady Wins the Race

After the workshop, Nick went back to his students and explained that though he had set high expectations for them, but he had failed to model how the classroom would run.  In fact, during a fire drill, he realized to his horror that his students were just sitting in class, waiting for him to explain the evacuation procedure.  He had never modeled the procedure for them. 

Nick created a PowerPoint presentation of his procedures and patiently walked his students through them.  Click here to see Nick’s PowerPoint presentation of his classroom procedures.

Besides modeling how each procedure would look and what it would sound like, Nick related its purpose to his students.  His students soon realized:

Classroom procedures are not just for the teacher’s benefit.
They benefit everyone in class.

Slowly but surely, as the class rehearsed the procedures, Nick could see the procedures gelling in their minds and having a positive effect on the learning environment.  Nick says, “I remember vividly the first time I walked into the classroom and saw that a student was not doing the bellwork.  Before I had a chance to say something, another student said, ‘What’s the procedure, please?’  I couldn’t help but smile.” 

Procedures Work!

At the end of the year, Nick realized he only had to write a single discipline referral.  Nick also received an invitation to the County-Wide A+ Awards for Employee Excellence.  His assistant principal had nominated him.  This is what she wrote: 

Nicholas Saadipour is a first year ILT with a gift rarely seen in teachers of any experience level.  His special gift is his innate ability to form meaningful relationships with students.  He is a natural teacher and has the talent necessary to catch and hold students’ attention throughout the 90 minutes of class.  Students hold him in high respect and with deep regard.  They listen to him and respect his rules and procedures because of his ability to relate to them on their level. 

Nick says, “I’m not sure I deserve my assistant principal’s kind words.  I have not done anything extravagant.”  Remember, just a year ago, Nick had been despairing and thinking he had made a mistake entering the profession! 

“I am now in my second year of teaching and continue to make adjustments to the things I do in the classroom.  I have created a First Day of School Script—something I lacked (and sorely missed!) in my first year of teaching. 

“All I want is a well-managed classroom where
students can feel comfortable and are encouraged to learn and give their best. 
That is my guiding principle for everything I do.

“There is a major difference in my attitude between last year and this year.  Last year, I was sitting in the new teacher conference, wondering what sorts of awful notes my substitute was leaving for me about my students.  As expected, when I returned to class, I received a laundry list of complaints from the substitute. 

“This year, I returned from an absence to find a note from the substitute saying that she had experienced the ‘best class ever!’ and that she would love to cover my class any time I was out. 

“That is a true testament to the power of procedures and expectations in the classroom.  I still have so much to learn, but now, instead of being afraid and doubtful of my calling, I cannot wait to see where my teaching career takes me.  I know that I can only get better as the years progress, and I can barely contain myself from shouting from the rooftops: 

“To all new and struggling teachers, take heart,
because procedures work!”

Live Your Dream

Sarah Ragan, Stacey Greene, and Nick Saadipour were invited to share their new teacher experiences with colleagues at a seminar in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.  The 400 new teachers in the audience all had “light bulb moments” hearing how a fellow colleague could succeed in one year.

Listen to their interview at

At this same meeting a year before, Stacy Hennessee shared a similar story of his success.  We featured him in the September 2008 article.

Listen to his interview at

This meeting is sponsored each year by the North Carolina Model Teacher Education Consortium.  (   The theme of the meeting is “Discover Your Dream Job and How to Get There.”  The meeting is designed to help teachers succeed once they’ve been hired.

Sarah, Stacey, and Nick very easily could have been causalities of the statistics shared at the beginning of this article.  Yet they all had one thing in common that helped each to succeed, beat the odds, and live their dream:


Plan for success
Rehearse and reinforce
Organize before students arrive
Costs nothing to do
Extra time gained for teaching and learning
Don’t wait until next year; do it now
U make a difference in students’ lives
Rehearse some more
Experience a class that hums with learning
Success is yours because procedures work!

Procedures are shockingly simple and allow you to live your dream of making a difference in the lives of children.  Just do it and see your wildest dreams come true.

For a printable version of this article click here.

» More Gazette articles...

About Effective Teaching...

Harry and Rosemary Wong have been writing columns for Teachers.Net for over 13 years and the columns all have a distinctive style. They write about effective teachers, administrators, schools, and school districts featuring techniques that are immediately replicable and at no cost. More importantly, they work to enhance student learning. An archive of past articles can be found at the end of every column, with an abstract of all articles at the end of the most recent June column.

For over 30 years, helping teachers become effective has been the passion of the Wongs. Writing for Teachers.Net is just one of the many ways they reach out to educators with their ideas on how effective teachers improve student learning.

About Harry & Rosemary Wong...

Harry and Rosemary WongHarry and Rosemary Wong are teachers.  Harry is a native of San Francisco and taught middle school and high school science.  Rosemary is a native of New Orleans and taught K-8, including working as the school media coordinator and student activity director.

Harry Wong has been awarded the Horace Mann Outstanding Educator Award, the National Teachers Hall of Fame Lifetime Achievement Award, the Science Teacher Achievement Recognition Award, the Outstanding Biology Teacher Award, and the Valley Forge Teacher's Medal.  He was selected as one of the most admired people in education by the readers of Instructor magazine.  Rosemary was chosen as one of California's first mentor teachers and has been awarded the Silicon Valley Distinguished Woman of the Year Award.  She was also honored as a Distinguished Alumnus from her alma maters, Southeastern Louisiana University and Louisiana State University.

Harry and Rosemary have been awarded the Upton Sinclair Award and were nominated for the Brock International Prize in Education. They have built and sustain a school in the jungles of Cambodia.

The Wongs are the most sought after speakers in education today, booked two years into the future. Their presentations are practical, offering a common sense, user-friendly, and no-cost approach to managing a classroom for high-level student success. Over a million teachers worldwide have heard their message. In spite of their heavily booked schedule, Harry and Rosemary have agreed to write this monthly column so that more people can hear their message.

How They Develop Effective Teachers...

Harry and Rosemary Wong are committed to developing effective teachers, one teacher at a time.
To do this, they have formed their own publishing company, of which Rosemary is the CEO.

THE Classroom Management Book is what everyone has been waiting for. It is an exhaustive extension of Unit C on classroom management in The First Days of School.


  • Turn chaos into student achievement
  • Reduce behavior issues; increase learning
  • Step-by-step plans to a well-managed classroom
  • 50 procedures in detail
  • 40 QR codes with additional resources
  • 320 pages in full color
  • Complete first days of school plans
  • Suitable for all grades, all subjects, all teachers
  • Costs no money to implement

How to Be an Effective and Successful Teacheris an audio CD set that was recorded live before 800 teachers in St. Louis.  Listen as they walk you through classrooms that hum with learning and share how you can replicate the same success in your classroom.  In 2 hours and 40 minutes, Harry and Rosemary can transform you into a very effective and successful teacher at no cost!

This presentation has transformed the lives and teaching success of hundreds of thousands of teachers.
Learn how to


  • Begin the school year with a plan
  • Start class immediately
  • Have a well-organized and structured classroom
  • Reduce discipline problems
  • Have students who are engaged and working
  • Teach procedures and responsibility
  • Maximize classroom instructional time
  • Use lesson objectives so students know what they are to learn
  • Use rubrics to assess for student learning
  • Deal with at-risk students
  • Improve student learning and achievement


The Wongs have written The First Days of School, the best-selling book ever in education. Over 3.8 million copies have been sold. It is used in 120 countries, 2,114 colleges, and most every new teacher induction program. The fourth edition has been translated into five foreign languages and includes:

  1. An additional chapter on procedures
  2. A new chapter on assessment with rubrics.
  3. A new chapter on Professional Learning Teams
  4. A new chapter for administrators on implementation 
  5. Additional information in Going Beyond Folders
  6. A new DVD, Using THE FIRST DAYS OF SCHOOL, presented by Chelonnda Seroyer
TET The Wongs have also produced the DVD series, The Effective Teacher, winner of the Telly Award for the best educational video of the past twenty years and awarded the 1st place Gold Award in the International Film and Video Festival.

They also have a successful eLearning course, Classroom Management with Harry and Rosemary Wong.  The course can be taken in private at the learner's convenience.  The outcome of the course is a 2 inch binder with a personalized Classroom Management Action Plan.

This Action Plan is similar to the organized and structured plan used by all effective teachers.  Details for the classroom management course can be seen at

You can hear Harry Wong LIVE on a set of CDs, called
How to Improve Student Achievement
, recorded at one
of his many presentations.  He invites you to steal from him the secrets of effective teaching for all grade levels.
Never Cease to Learn has the power to transform your
attitude and your life.  In this DVD, Harry shares his journey on the road to success and tells listeners how to become the educators they were meant to be.

When the books, video series, CD, DVD, and eLearning course are used together, they form the most effective professional development training tool for producing effective teachers. Staff developers and administrators who would like to know how to implement the aforementioned book, video series, and CD are encouraged to consult the book, New Teacher Induction:  How to Train, Support, and Retain New Teachers.  Information about these products can be found by visiting the publisher's website at

Helping you produce effective teachers is our passion.

Harry & Rosemary Wong Columns on Teachers.Net...
Related Resources & Discussions on Teachers.Net...

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