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Effective Teaching
by Harry & Rosemary Wong
Special to the Gazette
December 2014/January 2015

Making Deals Is Ineffective

Teachers are loving people who come into the profession to make a difference in the lives of children.  Their intentions are good, but when misbehavior occurs, some teachers will, out of sheer frustration, resort to making deals with the students just to survive.

7

You may find some of these silly and funny, but they are all actual events that have been observed in the classroom.

  1. If you behave, I will let you watch a movie on Friday.
  2. If you behave, I will give you a piece of candy (actually used by many, many teachers).
  3. If you behave, I will give you 30 minutes of totally unstructured “free time.”
  4. If you behave, I will let you (high school seniors) take a 20 minute “power nap.”
  5. If you behave when an administrator walks in the room, I will cancel the homework for tonight.
  6. If you behave, I will give you tokens that you can use to buy candy, sodas, and opportunities to walk around outside and talk to your friends.  (This creates many problems:  Some kids would bully other kids for their tokens with the irony that the most disruptive kids end up getting all of the “treats,” and then they use the tokens to gamble.)
  7. If you behave, I will remove your worst grade.
  8. If you behave, we can have a party on Friday (used by many high school teachers).
  9. If the entire class does their homework, I will give everyone 10 random bonus points (used by teachers that are desperate to get students to turn in assignments).
  10. If you behave, I will continue to give all of my time and attention to the students that are continuously disruptive (disregarding the rest of you who are here to learn).
  11. If you behave, I will let you go to the treasure chest (a primary grades favorite).
  12. If you behave, I will let you call your friend on your cell phone for one minute.
  13. If you behave, I will give you more reward tickets on Friday.
  14. If you behave, you can have 10 extra minutes at recess.

Making deals with students is not effective teaching.  It teaches students that when they grow up, everything will be negotiable, and they will take no responsibility for their actions or work.

Humiliation Does Not Work

If bargaining does not work—and it does not—teacher behavior may escalate from frustration to threats, coercion, punishment, and humiliation, because survival is the last resort.  

Some teachers and principals have resorted to these acts to “get students to behave.”
  • A teacher made a student wear a cone-shaped dog collar as a “cone of shame.”
  • A national teacher’s organization wrote an article supporting a teacher who had a student stand in the back of the room until the student agreed to behave.
  • A school made a student wear a frumpy shirt and sweatpants with the words, “Dress Code Violation,” because she did not wear a dress that came down to her knees. 
  • Some teachers have been known to put tape over the mouths of students to stop them from talking.
  • Some teachers scream and yell racial epithets at students and insult family members of students who misbehave.
  • A school had the entire student body sit in silence during lunch time because they were talking too loud.

None of these have to do with coercion or punishment; these acts are all about humiliation.  It’s the teacher and the profession that suffers when humiliation is used.

And as for threatening students, that may the most dangerous thing to do as the student may well threaten you in return. 

There is a solution to refraining from making deals and coercing students and acting in a less than professional manner.

It Is Much Easier to Teach Procedures

Oretha Ferguson of Fort Smith, Arkansas, says, “These deals just amaze me.  It’s much easier to just teach, rehearse, and reinforce procedures than to play these “'games.'”  The solution—teachers like Oretha know how to manage their classrooms with procedures.

Click here to see how Oretha can easily get her students to do what she wants them to do—with poise, respect, love.

Before you shake your head in dismay and make fun of the examples of deals and coercion we’ve shared, we emphatically believe that none of the above would have happened had the individuals involved been taught how to manage a classroom.

No teacher comes into the profession to humiliate people, but if they have received absolutely no training in what to proactively do with misbehavior, they may resort to tactics from making deals to threatening students.

When teachers do not know what to do, they may REACT to a problem that will intensify the problem even more.  Whereas, when teachers know what to do, they are PROACTIVE.  They put into action a plan or procedures to solve the problem.  They are knowledgeable in classroom management skills in how to get students to do what you want them to do, and do it responsibly even if you should not be in the classroom.

The Solution

When you can get students to do what you want them to do, then they will not do what you do not want them to do.  How do you get students to do what you want them to do?

  1. Have a classroom management plan with procedures, as the procedures will govern what you want the students to do.
  2. Have a classroom management plan that is explained to the students so that they will responsibly help you to manage the class, even in your absence. 

Learning how to create a classroom management plan begins at the university.  We’ve written several articles on this topic.

How a University Prepares Its Students 

Planning, Planning, Planning 

How a Good University Can Help You

Upon employment in a school district, there should be a comprehensive induction program that teaches teachers how to create a classroom management plan.  We’ve written several articles on this topic.

Teaching New Teachers How to Succeed 

Training Teachers to Be Effective 

Your school should have an instructional leader in a principal who teaches teachers how to plan and implement a classroom management plan.  We’ve written several articles on this topic.

How a Principal Creates a Culture of Consistency 

Where Going to School Means Success 

A Disability Is Not a Handicap 

At the classroom level, Sarah Jondahl of Brentwood, California, says, “I do not have any major behavior problems with my students.  Most important, I always get high academic results from my students.”  Sarah’s classroom management plan can be seen in THE Classroom Management Book, pages 287–290.

Procedures Are Most Effective

Negotiating deals strikes fear in most people.  Meeting eye to eye to carve the political future of a nation, the purchase of a new car, or settle an argument with a loved one, all involve skill and practice for successful outcomes. 

The teaching of procedures to students is a skill and gets easier and easier the more the skill is practiced.  Your skill level is increased with each successful outcome and your confidence grows.  There are no shortcuts to teaching a procedure.  Everyone can teach procedures.  It is a process with defined steps that ensure success.  Teach.  Rehearse.  Reinforce.

Using procedures is a proactive way to avoid having to make deals with students.  Procedures allow everyone to know upfront what the expectation is and how the outcome will allow for everyone’s success in the classroom. 

Procedures create a win-win outcome.  Everyone benefits.  The classroom plan that you’ve created is in place and the students are achieving success.  Is this not the goal of everyone in the profession? 

You don’t need to broker a deal to make this happen in your classroom.  You need to have a vision of how you see your classroom succeeding, devise a plan to make that happen, and then teach that plan to your students. 

Be a confident role model for your students—someone who is professional in demeanor, composure, and care.  Your days will be free of deals and filled with the fulfillment of a job well done.

 

 

 


For a printable version of this article click here.

About Effective Teaching...

Harry and Rosemary Wong have been writing columns for Teachers.Net for over 13 years and the columns all have a distinctive style. They write about effective teachers, administrators, schools, and school districts featuring techniques that are immediately replicable and at no cost. More importantly, they work to enhance student learning. An archive of past articles can be found at the end of every column, with an abstract of all articles at the end of the most recent June column.

For over 30 years, helping teachers become effective has been the passion of the Wongs. Writing for Teachers.Net is just one of the many ways they reach out to educators with their ideas on how effective teachers improve student learning.


About Harry & Rosemary Wong...

Harry and Rosemary WongHarry and Rosemary Wong are teachers.  Harry is a native of San Francisco and taught middle school and high school science.  Rosemary is a native of New Orleans and taught K-8, including working as the school media coordinator and student activity director.

Harry Wong has been awarded the Horace Mann Outstanding Educator Award, the National Teachers Hall of Fame Lifetime Achievement Award, the Science Teacher Achievement Recognition Award, the Outstanding Biology Teacher Award, and the Valley Forge Teacher's Medal.  He was selected as one of the most admired people in education by the readers of Instructor magazine.  Rosemary was chosen as one of California's first mentor teachers and has been awarded the Silicon Valley Distinguished Woman of the Year Award.  She was also honored as a Distinguished Alumnus from her alma maters, Southeastern Louisiana University and Louisiana State University.

Harry and Rosemary have been awarded the Upton Sinclair Award and were nominated for the Brock International Prize in Education. They have built and sustain a school in the jungles of Cambodia.

The Wongs are the most sought after speakers in education today, booked two years into the future. Their presentations are practical, offering a common sense, user-friendly, and no-cost approach to managing a classroom for high-level student success. Over a million teachers worldwide have heard their message. In spite of their heavily booked schedule, Harry and Rosemary have agreed to write this monthly column so that more people can hear their message.


How They Develop Effective Teachers...

Harry and Rosemary Wong are committed to developing effective teachers, one teacher at a time.
To do this, they have formed their own publishing company, of which Rosemary is the CEO.

THE Classroom Management Book is what everyone has been waiting for. It is an exhaustive extension of Unit C on classroom management in The First Days of School.

FDS4

  • Turn chaos into student achievement
  • Reduce behavior issues; increase learning
  • Step-by-step plans to a well-managed classroom
  • 50 procedures in detail
  • 40 QR codes with additional resources
  • 320 pages in full color
  • Complete first days of school plans
  • Suitable for all grades, all subjects, all teachers
  • Costs no money to implement

How to Be an Effective and Successful Teacheris an audio CD set that was recorded live before 800 teachers in St. Louis.  Listen as they walk you through classrooms that hum with learning and share how you can replicate the same success in your classroom.  In 2 hours and 40 minutes, Harry and Rosemary can transform you into a very effective and successful teacher at no cost!

This presentation has transformed the lives and teaching success of hundreds of thousands of teachers.
Learn how to

FDS4

  • Begin the school year with a plan
  • Start class immediately
  • Have a well-organized and structured classroom
  • Reduce discipline problems
  • Have students who are engaged and working
  • Teach procedures and responsibility
  • Maximize classroom instructional time
  • Use lesson objectives so students know what they are to learn
  • Use rubrics to assess for student learning
  • Deal with at-risk students
  • Improve student learning and achievement

FDS4


The Wongs have written The First Days of School, the best-selling book ever in education. Over 3.8 million copies have been sold. It is used in 120 countries, 2,114 colleges, and most every new teacher induction program. The fourth edition has been translated into five foreign languages and includes:

  1. An additional chapter on procedures
  2. A new chapter on assessment with rubrics.
  3. A new chapter on Professional Learning Teams
  4. A new chapter for administrators on implementation 
  5. Additional information in Going Beyond Folders
  6. A new DVD, Using THE FIRST DAYS OF SCHOOL, presented by Chelonnda Seroyer
TET The Wongs have also produced the DVD series, The Effective Teacher, winner of the Telly Award for the best educational video of the past twenty years and awarded the 1st place Gold Award in the International Film and Video Festival.
CMC

They also have a successful eLearning course, Classroom Management with Harry and Rosemary Wong.  The course can be taken in private at the learner's convenience.  The outcome of the course is a 2 inch binder with a personalized Classroom Management Action Plan.

This Action Plan is similar to the organized and structured plan used by all effective teachers.  Details for the classroom management course can be seen at www.ClassroomManagement.com.

ISA
You can hear Harry Wong LIVE on a set of CDs, called
How to Improve Student Achievement
, recorded at one
of his many presentations.  He invites you to steal from him the secrets of effective teaching for all grade levels.
Never Cease to Learn has the power to transform your
attitude and your life.  In this DVD, Harry shares his journey on the road to success and tells listeners how to become the educators they were meant to be.

When the books, video series, CD, DVD, and eLearning course are used together, they form the most effective professional development training tool for producing effective teachers. Staff developers and administrators who would like to know how to implement the aforementioned book, video series, and CD are encouraged to consult the book, New Teacher Induction:  How to Train, Support, and Retain New Teachers.  Information about these products can be found by visiting the publisher's website at www.HarryWong.com.

Helping you produce effective teachers is our passion.


Harry & Rosemary Wong Columns on Teachers.Net...
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