most important factor in improved student learning is an effective
teacher. Written ten times a year, Harry and Rosemary Wong's
columns feature effective teachers and administrators and their techniques
for enhancing student learning. An archive of past articles
can be found at the end of every column.
and Rosemary Wong are happy to share with the profession the strategies
and techniques of effective teachers. If you have an effective
technique that works, please share this by sending it to email@example.com.
The Wongs will consider it for sharing in future Effective Teaching
About Harry and Rosemary
and Rosemary Wong are teachers. Harry is a native of San Francisco
and taught middle school and high school science. Rosemary is
a native of New Orleans and taught K-8, including working as the school
media coordinator and student activity director.
Wong has been awarded the Outstanding Secondary Teacher Award, the
Science Teacher Achievement Recognition Award, the Outstanding Biology
Teacher Award, and the Valley Forge Teacher's Medal. He was
selected as one of the most admired people in the world of education
by readers of Instructor magazine. Rosemary was chosen
as one of California's first mentor teachers and has been awarded
the Silicon Valley Distinguished Woman of the Year Award.
Wong is the most sought after speaker in education today. He
has been called "Mr. Practicality" for his common sense,
user-friendly, no-cost approach to managing a classroom for high-level
a million teachers worldwide have heard his message. Because
he is fully booked for two years, he has agreed to and has invited
his wife to join him in doing a monthly column for teachers.net so
that more people can hear their message.
About Their Work...
Harry and Rosemary Wong are committed to bringing quality and dignity
to the materials they produce. For this, they have formed their own
publishing company, of which Rosemary is the CEO. They have
dedicated their lives to leaving a legacy in education and making
a difference in the lives of teachers and students.
Their latest contribution to helping teachers succeed is an eLearning
course, Classroom Management with Harry and Rosemary Wong.
The course can be taken in private at the learner's convenience.
The outcome of the course is a 2 inch binder with a personalized Classroom
Management Action Plan.
This Action Plan is similar to the organized and structured plan
used by all successful teachers. Details for the classroom management
course can be seen at www.ClassroomManagement.com.
The Wongs have written The First Days of School,
the best-selling book ever in education. Over 3 million copies
have been sold.
The third edition of The First Days of School
includes an added bonus, an Enhanced CD featuring Harry Wong. The
Enhanced CD, Never Cease to Learn, is dedicated
to those teachers who know that the more they learn, the more effective
The Wongs have also produced the DVD series, The Effective
Teacher, winner of the Telly Award for the best educational
video of the past twenty years and awarded the 1st place Gold Award
in the International Film and Video Festival.
You can hear Harry Wong LIVE on a set of CDs,, called How
to Improve Student Achievement, recorded at one of his
many presentations. He is the most sought after speaker in education
and his presentations are legendary.
When the book, video series, CD, and eLearning course are used together,
they form the most effective staff training tool for developing effective
teachers. Staff developers and administrators who would like to know
how to implement the aforementioned book, video series, and CD are
encouraged to consult the book, New Teacher Induction:
How to Train, Support, and Retain New Teachers. Information
about these products can be found by visiting the publisher's website
The First Days of School with Enhanced CD, Never
Cease to Learn
by Harry & Rosemary Wong
$23.96 from Amazon.com
The Effective Teacher (Video Set)
Presented by Harry Wong
Schools That Learn: A Fifth Discipline Fieldbook for Educators,
Parents, and Everyone Who Cares About Education
by Peter M. Senge (Editor), Nelda H. Cambron McCabe, Timothy Lucas,
Art Kleiner, Janis Dutton, Bryan Smith
This month’s column won’t reveal the
secrets of a master illusionist. It’s not a recipe
for a heavenly baked meringue dessert. It’s about
teachers without a classroom who roam the corridors in search
of a nesting place. If you do not have your own classroom,
you know who you are. You pass each other in the hall as
you roll your carts. You’re called floating
teachers, migrant teachers, nomadic teachers, and jokingly, some
of you call yourselves, “homeless teachers.”
Floating teachers are typically found in junior and senior high
schools, where the school schedule is divided into periods and
teachers have specific subjects to teach.
Such a teacher is Diane Blocker, who teaches
at Huntsville High School in Alabama. With a positive outlook
and putting her students first, she has developed some unique
procedures that help her manage her floating status. Her
experience has inspired this month’s column.
Being a floating teacher can be a positive experience.
You get to see the school and meet some wonderful teachers
who share their rooms with you.
You get to see the various activities that go on in the school,
and get a feel for what the students are doing outside of your
You get to meet many of the students who are not even in your
Advice to Teachers
The advice to any new or veteran teacher is simple:
preparation, preparation, preparation. (See page 94,
The First Days of School.)
You prepare with procedures.
It is very important that you have procedures to the
hilt! As a floating teacher, you need consistency
and stability in your classroom and your life.
To be an effective floating teacher, be organized—very
organized. Teachers in their own classroom have everything
at hand. The administration, the parents, and the students
will expect the same from the floating teacher.
The Facts of Floating
You probably will not be able to arrange the desks
as you would like, so scope out each room and prepare
seating charts and seating procedures for when the students
first enter the classroom.
You will not be able to post a bellwork assignment
beforehand, so appoint three assistants who will post
the assignments for you. If you are wondering why three
assistants, it’s better than one because if your student
assistant is absent, the chances are one of the two remaining
assistants will be in class. Back up is good. Two
back ups are even better! It’s best to rotate groups
of students as monitors or assistants as well so everyone feels
responsible for the smooth operation of the classroom.
Bellwork assignments can be on transparencies in a binder
that you have been left in the room. If the classroom
does not have a transparency projector, start looking for
alternatives such as a digital projector, a flip chart, a
chalk board, an interactive white board or slips of papers
the assistants can distribute at the door. The best
bellwork has a consistent format that does not have to be
announced until it is changed every few weeks or so.
This is commonly done in primary grades where students come
in and get a book to read.
Just because you are a floating teacher does not let you
off the hook from being an effective teacher. All
effective classrooms have three things posted when the students
begin class: 1) the time schedule, 2) the bellwork assignment,
and 3) the lesson objective. Display these
as soon as possible. The students want to come and learn.
With the three items posted daily, the culture of the classroom
has been set—this is a classroom for learning—everyday.
The students will know what is expected of them and what they
are to learn.
You won’t be able greet the students at the
door, so plan a genuine greeting after the class starts
working on their bellwork. A wonderful smile, a kind compliment,
a set of inviting, caring words will go far to start the class
on a positive tone.
Pointers to Help You Succeed
As a floating teacher you are not alone in the world.
In many countries it is the teacher who moves from room to room.
The teacher, not the students, is in transition. If you
are one of the chosen teachers who does not have a personal room
and must float from room to room, these pointers will help you
succeed and enjoy teaching as a floating teacher.
Cart: This is most important; you need
a cart with good wheels. You also need a safe place to store
your cart. The cart must be sturdy and stable, not prone
to tip over. It must be sized to easily navigate the halls
and your classrooms. The cart is your lifeline to all your
materials, handouts, and files you will need.
Choosing the right cart for your needs is equally as important.
Some teachers may only need storage, whereas others might need
a cart that holds materials needed for teaching and for student
If you only need to carry a minimal amount of supplies with
you, try using a multi- compartment shoulder bag or wheeled
case or tub.
Storage bins: These are plastic file bins
with hinged lids which are made to hold the Pendaflex®-style
hanging file folders. You’ll need one or more bins.
Organize loose items, especially smaller ones, in small baskets,
bags, or caddies. Store the containers on your cart’s
shelves. Make use of color-coded, different sized, zip type
bags. They keep art supplies, math instruments and manipulatives,
science equipment, and other school supplies grouped and readily
Folders and files: Get a set of the hanging
file folders that expand to two or three inches. You can
place manila files into the expansion folders. The tabs
on the manila files are much easier to label and re-label than
to try and label the hanging folders. To re-label, you will
need a supply of file labels.
Prepare “in” and “out” files. The “in”
file is for student work to be checked, recorded, or graded.
If you have to grab one folder rapidly at the end of an exhausting
day, grab the “in” file because that’s the one
you need to take home to check and score.
The “out” file contains work that has been checked,
recorded, or graded and is to be returned to the students.
Prepare other files for handouts, forms, and other needed papers.
Tobias Larson, a teacher at Notre Dame High School in Belmont,
California, says, “I was a floating teacher last year
and one of the major things that made me successful was a traveling
file folder. It is a plastic 6” x 13” x 10”
box that holds file folders just like a file cabinet that would
travel all day with me. In this I had an ‘in’
folder and an ‘out’ folder for every period.
“I also kept a folder for handouts for each course I
taught and I had one folder for miscellaneous forms or letters
that the students would hand to me. This prevented any
lost papers as they were all kept safe in the box through the
“I also became a master with PowerPoint and made my daily
warm-up exercises in PowerPoint. I did this to utilize
the technology available in the rooms that I taught in.
Since each room had a computer projector, it was an easy way
to ensure that the first five minutes of each class was ready
to go regardless of the time it took me to reach each classroom.”
Toolbox: Have a personal toolbox with
compartments where you can keep small items, like clips, rubber
bands, glue, tape, and tacks. The larger compartment will
hold a screw driver, pliers, hammer, stapler, scissors, duct tape,
super glue, utility knife, wire cutters, flashlight, and other
needed tools. Keep cleaning materials in here too, like
spray cleaner, rag, and tissue. Don’t forget some
Band-Aids®, chalk or white board markers, and that bottle
of headache reliever for yourself.
Take caution to limit the access of this toolbox to you and keep
it out of reach of your students. Consider locking it as
Teacher: Be sure to cultivate a good relationship
with the teacher whose classroom you are using. Ask that
teacher if you can have a small space in the classroom where you
can store some materials, such s the bellwork binder.
For those items that are universal, such as referral slips, attendance
forms, and nurse admits, keep these in each classroom rather than
carry them around. Have as much of your supplies as you
need in each room so you are traveling with very little.
Locations: Familiarize yourself with your
teaching locations. Be aware of any building codes or procedures,
like fire drill exits or evacuation routes, pertaining to each
of your teaching locations. Find out which supplies, classroom
spaces (like bulletin boards), and storage locations, if any,
are available for your use.
Computer: Find out the password for the
computer in the classroom.
Website: Since you do not have your own
classroom, the best way to communicate with the students and the
parents is have your own Website.
Let students and colleagues know how they can communicate with
you and where they can find you.
Decorate Your Cart: In addition to having
a safe storage place, put your name, boldly, on your cart and
don’t be bashful. Name your cart and attach a slogan
on it. Give your cart a personality. Make way for
The Dream Machine — Creating a Future for You! (Sounds
much more exciting than Mr. Jackson and his cart!) Attach
a bicycle bell or horn to the handle. Decorate it for the
Smile as you traverse the halls. You’re one of the
fortunate teachers who gets to see and acknowledge the students
in the halls.
Diane Blocker shares that the students in her school
hang gifts of affection on her cart as she goes by!
Learn from those who have rolled the halls before you.
These articles will give you additional insight into the life
and times as a floating teacher.
Organizing and managing your classroom with procedures
is even more important if you are a floating teacher.
If you do not know what a procedure is, and most importantly,
how to teach a procedure, please read Chapter 20 in The
First Days of School as well as the myriad of past
columns here on teachers.net to see examples of procedures used
“I would have to say that I am having my best year teaching,
ever! I am a part time fifth grade immersion teacher.
This summer I took the classroom management class, and it has
totally changed the way I started out the year. Two weeks
into the school year, I really don't have ANY management problems.
It is just amazing!”
Your professional life as a floating teacher will take an intense
thought process and effort to implement. But once it is
in place, you will hardly recognize the difference between being
assigned a classroom and floating and will come to enjoy
the economy of professional practice you have created.
It takes no more effort, just a different sense of organization
You’ll have plenty of time left in the day to go home and
make that delicious Floating Island dessert and have a scoop of
it as you watch your favorite magician on TV. And if, by
chance, he or she performs a levitation illusion, you can smile
to yourself with pride knowing you have the magic within
you to create an effective learning classroom for your students.
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