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Effective Teaching
by Harry & Rosemary Wong
Special to the Gazette
February 2012

The Highest Rated School in New York City

he quality of Finnish schools has been dominating the headlines in ed journals and international standings.  Their sustained excellence can be attributed to one word:

There is a high level of trust for the professionalism of teachers to determine the curriculum, teach the kids, and solve their own problems.

The good news is you don’t need to board a plane or hop a boat to Finland to experience
the success of its schools.  You can see a “Finnish-type school” right here in New York
City.  And it’s easy to get there because the ferry to Staten Island is free!

Staten Island is home to PS 861, a K-8 school.  (“PS” stands for Public School.)  There are so many schools in New York City, over 1400 of them, that they are given unimpressionable numbers.  PS 861 has another name.  It is the Staten Island School of Civic Leadership (SISCL).  The name is not only impressionable, but, SISCL, in its short history of two years, has earned the distinction as the highest rated school in New York City.  Now, that’s impressionable!
Click here to see its Progress Report rating.

SISCL is a regular, neighborhood, zoned urban school.  It is not a magnet, charter, or private school.  It is a school filled with a diversity of English language learners (ELL) and 20% special needs students.  It also qualifies for Title 1 funds and is 69.5% poverty.  But you would never know this as they are into academics and civic leadership and not into telling people about their demographics or holding out their hands looking for money to buy a quick fix program.

SISCL is into its students and teachers.  The reason they are the highest rated school in New York city is its teachers teach very effectively.  That’s the basis for its student learning and achievement.

Free Access to the Principal

At many schools, there is a swinging door or passageway at the end of the front counter in the attendance office that leads to the secretaries behind the counter and finally the principal’s office.  One teacher remarked, “At my last school, there was a yellow line on the floor and no one was allowed to cross the yellow line unless you had an appointment with the principal.  Here at SISCL we have free access to the principal.”  There is trust!

SISCL’s principal is Rose Kerr.  And the school is the brainchild of hers and her assistant principal, Donna Nilsen.  In 2008, there was an opportunity to submit a proposal for a new school to be placed in a building under construction.  Their proposal won.

Click here to see a synopsis of the proposal Rose submitted, “This Is What We Believe and Will Implement.”

Rose’s management style is collaborative.  As she says, “2-3 heads are better than one.”  She’s very approachable.

Her leadership style is not of the “Carrot and Stick” method.  She is not the old system of command and control over people.  She practices “Connect and Collaborate” to generate power through people.  The heart and success of SISCL is collaboration.  Rose has created this air of collaboration for teacher growth and development–all from trust.

She does not own a Blackberry phone because she says, “I do not want this buzzing going on when I am listening to people, especially the kids.  The kids have to see you, not you with a cell phone to your ear.”

Our Visit to SISCL

We dropped in at SISCL in November 2011 and were astonished at what we saw.  Bear in mind, we’ve seen hundreds of schools through the years, but nothing like this.  There was a glow everywhere—on the teachers’ faces, in the children’s eyes, in the bulletin boards in the hallways displaying student work, in the clean stairwells, from the sun as it poured into the classrooms’ clean windows.  SISCL was a place that magically captured your spirit and wouldn’t let go!

During our visit we invited the teachers to share their work with us.  In all our decades of dealing with teachers and schools, we have never, never had the collaboration and cooperation from teachers as has been shown by the SISCL staff.  We were overwhelmed with their professionalism:  their work, their attitude, and their community of sharing.  The staff were breathing and living their school’s mission of leadership every moment of their day.

Typical of the collaborative attitude is what kindergarten teacher, Loreta Andersen says, “I am very glad to be part of a team of outstanding teachers.  They are exceptional and I am humbled to be working with them.  The entire team has so much to offer and I am glad to be a part of it.”

The Goal of SISCL

The goal of SISCL is to develop students who are as committed to the public good through personal achievement.

First, there is a balance of a rigorous academic curriculum centered on New York State Common Core standards, essential skills, and core knowledge.  All teachers are expected to follow a basic template of lesson construction when teaching a lesson.

Second, add a character and leadership component that immerses students in public advocacy, public service, and public life so they understand that personal success is vested in the success of the community.

At this time in our history, as we look to the future of our communities, our nation, our Earth, it is evident and essential that our schools help students develop into highly trained, highly motivated, and highly committed individuals and citizens.  What SISCL aspires to do is stated in their mission statement.  While most school mission statements are generic and tired platitudinal expressions, SISCL means and carries out what they say:

The Staten Island School of Civic Leadership
is founded on the principle that
our students will become disciplined, diverse leaders
who are inspired to make a difference
in America’s civic purpose.
We believe embracing civic responsibility,
as a pillar of learning,
creates a culture of proactive thinkers
who begin with the future in mind.

The Foundation Is Set

When Rose started SISCL she asked all of her teachers to read two books:  our book, The First Days of School, and Stephen Covey’s book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People.

The First Days of School would cover the organizational and management procedures of a classroom and The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People would encompass the civic leadership attitude and expectations of the students.  The 7 Habits would be put in place using the “The Leader in Me” model based on Covey’s work.  Learn more about it at

Procedures Provide the Foundation

There are procedures that are used consistently at certain grade levels and procedures that are reserved for individual classrooms.  One of the K-2 procedures is Greeter Leader.  This procedure works well with the leadership culture that is part of “The Leader in Me” process.  As is the procedure in how to teach a procedure (See page 175, The First Days of School), the teachers model the procedure a few times for the children, followed by their demonstrating it back so that the teacher can check for understanding and tweaking during the first days of school.


The procedure is established early and becomes an automatic routine that creates a culture of consistency the children love when they come to school each day.  There can be a new greeter each week or each month.  This is just one of the many techniques used to validate students' abilities to succeed as leaders.  Since this procedure is carried on each successive school year, the children develop a sense of continuity within a consistent environment.

Kimberly Colonna’s classroom is shown in the upper picture.  She teaches the greeter to say "Good Morning, Ava" (or whomever they are greeting).  In return that student will reply with "Good Morning, Bryan."  She also teaches them that it is extremely important to make eye contact when speaking to each other.  It shows their interest for one other and instills the belief on the children that if we show respect, we will receive respect in return.

This procedure is carried out consistently every morning in every K-2 classroom at SISCL as shown by Anne DeVito’s classroom in the other greeter picture.

holeAnne also has many unique procedures for her class, such as, the students know how to show respect for one another during teacher conference time.

The children have learned the procedure that when she wears her "Conference Hat," she is working with a student that needs her attention at that time.  This visual tells the class to stay on task and when it is their turn they will get the same respect.  This procedure prevents students who want to jump up and get her attention; when they see the hat they go right back to work.  Anne says, “This is a small, but powerful management procedure.”  This is a teacher preference management tool that works well for her with her students.

Begin With the End in Mind

There is a template that is the basis of all lessons at SISCL in every grade.  The parts include the following:
  • Essential Questions  The anticipatory set that kicks off or motivates the students about what to expect.
  • Lesson Focus, Learning Outcomes  The lesson objective or learning target.
  • Teaching Point  The statement that brings relevance to the lesson so the students can identify a personal goal and what they need to do to reach that goal.
  • Opening Activity  The activity the teacher has chosen to start the lesson.
  • Mini-Lesson  The activity or several activities used to teach and illustrate the lesson focus.
  • Small Group and Independent Work  The activity or activities the children will participate in to achieve the lesson focus.  This could be small group work, called guided practice, where the students demonstrate that they have grasped the knowledge, skills, or concepts of the lesson focus.  During this time the teacher circulates and checks for understanding as feedback and reteaching is important to helping students make progress.

    Following guided practice is independent practice where the students complete a task, perhaps as homework, on their own and away from the teacher's guidance.

  • Share Out  The students gather to present their finished products and explain how they accomplished the lesson focus and discuss their goals and plans to reach their goals.
  • Sharing Out is a major purpose of SISCL as they expect their
    students to learn how to make public presentations to be
    leaders in their community.

  • Final Summary  A blend of all parts of the lesson from the expected outcome to the tasks assigned that results in the verification and celebration of mastery of the goal.
  • Follow-Up  All lessons are sequential and coherent, so students keep individual goal data charts to record their progress towards personal goals.

Kindergarten teacher, Loreta Andersen, shared a social studies lesson from “The Leader in Me” based on Covey’s Habit #2, “Begin with the End in Mind.”  She uses the teaching template as her plan for her students’ success.

Click here to see Loreta’s lesson plan on “Begin with the End in Mind.”

Loreta’s lesson is based on the poem “Itsy Bitsy Spider.”  After hearing the poem and discussing the traits of the spider and what it went about to accomplish its goal, the students make spiders as the keeper of their personal goals.  The spiders are displayed on a bulletin board and serve as visual cues of the path and determination needed to accomplish the goal.  Early in the school year, the students look at their own spiders and are reminded of sticking to their plan in order to reach their personal goal.

The students love the spiders so much that they ask to take them home to share with their families.

Besides the use of the “goal spider” introduced early in the year, the students have individual goal data folders that are used to chart their progress as they move from activity to activity, lesson to lesson.

A Culture of Consistency

Every successful and effective school that we have ever visited always embody the same three characteristics:

  1.  Culture  There is a culture, a core or common set of beliefs and a set of practices that      implement the beliefs.
2.  Collaboration  Everyone works together to foster and emphasize the culture.
3.  Learning  There is job-embedded learning within the school and within each other at      grade level, in departments, or in the learning teams.

Although these three characteristics are so obvious and have been backed by one research study after another in the business and professional world, it is seldom seen in education.  What most schools and school districts do is buy programs or things or change the structure of the school, always bypassing the greatest asset of a school, its people—the administrators and teachers.

It is the principal and the teachers who provide a culture of consistency at a school and that is the foremost research finding that will create student learning and achievement.

It is the common belief at SISCL that organizing the school and classroom with procedures and providing instruction in the Common Core standards, skills, and knowledge based on their lesson plan template will provide students the opportunity to be successful.  And these beliefs took SISCL to the top—quickly!

It took us two columns to write about PS 208, or Alain Locke School, in our September and October 2010 columns.  SISCL is so phenomenal that it will also take us two columns to write about what their teachers do.

Trust in Our Profession

  “Finland’s educational policies are largely in the hands of those they trust—
the educators—and the country is now a world leader.”
    The North Carolina Forum Report, Winter 2011

The word “trust” dates back to 1200 in the Norse language.  It is a word meaning “confidence.”

The leaders of SISCL have confidence in the expectation that what they are doing will reap benefits for their students.  It is a confidence that the investments in today are payments for the future.

We believe embracing civic responsibility,
as a pillar of learning,
creates a culture of proactive thinkers
who begin with the future in mind.

The people of Finland have this trust and confidence in their education system.  Besides it being part of their DNA, some 40 years ago the government embarked on using education as the key to their economic recovery plan.  Their “whatever it takes” attitude filled the country with achievers who benefitted their homeland and the world.  Finnish children scored off the charts in international tests.  Finland became an admired country socially and politically.  And it all comes back to the education of the children—the future leaders of the country.

SISCL is the first school we have ever visited that marries the social responsibility of an education to doing something with that education—to benefit you, your community, your country, your world.

Our country’s education department is stuck in a never ending evaluation testing mode.  Finland has a mandatory, nationwide testing program—it consists of one test given at the end of a senior’s high school career.  The learning gap between the top achievers and the lowest performers, is the smallest margin of any country in the world.  There is trust in the teachers and their competence as professionals.

SISCL has this trust in its teachers.  You don’t need to test the students to know if they’ve learned.  Success floats in the air at this school.  Children stand tall; they’re confident and sure they will have the skills and tools necessary to meet the challenges of the world head on.

Trust is taking the heart of child and doing whatever it takes to create a future.  Take the lead from the SISCL community to create a culture where the children will thrive and succeed and be more than they ever thought they could be.

At two years old, no former students have come back to SISCL to share global success.  But, trust us, you will someday read of these children and their success—because everyone at SISCL today is going to do “whatever it takes” to see that happen.



For a printable version of this article click here.

About Effective Teaching...

Harry and Rosemary Wong have been writing columns for Teachers.Net for over 13 years and the columns all have a distinctive style. They write about effective teachers, administrators, schools, and school districts featuring techniques that are immediately replicable and at no cost. More importantly, they work to enhance student learning. An archive of past articles can be found at the end of every column, with an abstract of all articles at the end of the most recent June column.

For over 30 years, helping teachers become effective has been the passion of the Wongs. Writing for Teachers.Net is just one of the many ways they reach out to educators with their ideas on how effective teachers improve student learning.

About Harry & Rosemary Wong...

Harry and Rosemary WongHarry and Rosemary Wong are teachers.  Harry is a native of San Francisco and taught middle school and high school science.  Rosemary is a native of New Orleans and taught K-8, including working as the school media coordinator and student activity director.

Harry Wong has been awarded the Horace Mann Outstanding Educator Award, the National Teachers Hall of Fame Lifetime Achievement Award, the Science Teacher Achievement Recognition Award, the Outstanding Biology Teacher Award, and the Valley Forge Teacher's Medal.  He was selected as one of the most admired people in education by the readers of Instructor magazine.  Rosemary was chosen as one of California's first mentor teachers and has been awarded the Silicon Valley Distinguished Woman of the Year Award.  She was also honored as a Distinguished Alumnus from her alma maters, Southeastern Louisiana University and Louisiana State University.

Harry and Rosemary have been awarded the Upton Sinclair Award and were nominated for the Brock International Prize in Education. They have built and sustain a school in the jungles of Cambodia.

The Wongs are the most sought after speakers in education today, booked two years into the future. Their presentations are practical, offering a common sense, user-friendly, and no-cost approach to managing a classroom for high-level student success. Over a million teachers worldwide have heard their message. In spite of their heavily booked schedule, Harry and Rosemary have agreed to write this monthly column so that more people can hear their message.

How They Develop Effective Teachers...

Harry and Rosemary Wong are committed to developing effective teachers, one teacher at a time.
To do this, they have formed their own publishing company, of which Rosemary is the CEO.

THE Classroom Management Book is what everyone has been waiting for. It is an exhaustive extension of Unit C on classroom management in The First Days of School.


  • Turn chaos into student achievement
  • Reduce behavior issues; increase learning
  • Step-by-step plans to a well-managed classroom
  • 50 procedures in detail
  • 40 QR codes with additional resources
  • 320 pages in full color
  • Complete first days of school plans
  • Suitable for all grades, all subjects, all teachers
  • Costs no money to implement

How to Be an Effective and Successful Teacheris an audio CD set that was recorded live before 800 teachers in St. Louis.  Listen as they walk you through classrooms that hum with learning and share how you can replicate the same success in your classroom.  In 2 hours and 40 minutes, Harry and Rosemary can transform you into a very effective and successful teacher at no cost!

This presentation has transformed the lives and teaching success of hundreds of thousands of teachers.
Learn how to


  • Begin the school year with a plan
  • Start class immediately
  • Have a well-organized and structured classroom
  • Reduce discipline problems
  • Have students who are engaged and working
  • Teach procedures and responsibility
  • Maximize classroom instructional time
  • Use lesson objectives so students know what they are to learn
  • Use rubrics to assess for student learning
  • Deal with at-risk students
  • Improve student learning and achievement


The Wongs have written The First Days of School, the best-selling book ever in education. Over 3.8 million copies have been sold. It is used in 120 countries, 2,114 colleges, and most every new teacher induction program. The fourth edition has been translated into five foreign languages and includes:

  1. An additional chapter on procedures
  2. A new chapter on assessment with rubrics.
  3. A new chapter on Professional Learning Teams
  4. A new chapter for administrators on implementation 
  5. Additional information in Going Beyond Folders
  6. A new DVD, Using THE FIRST DAYS OF SCHOOL, presented by Chelonnda Seroyer
TET The Wongs have also produced the DVD series, The Effective Teacher, winner of the Telly Award for the best educational video of the past twenty years and awarded the 1st place Gold Award in the International Film and Video Festival.

They also have a successful eLearning course, Classroom Management with Harry and Rosemary Wong.  The course can be taken in private at the learner's convenience.  The outcome of the course is a 2 inch binder with a personalized Classroom Management Action Plan.

This Action Plan is similar to the organized and structured plan used by all effective teachers.  Details for the classroom management course can be seen at

You can hear Harry Wong LIVE on a set of CDs, called
How to Improve Student Achievement
, recorded at one
of his many presentations.  He invites you to steal from him the secrets of effective teaching for all grade levels.
Never Cease to Learn has the power to transform your
attitude and your life.  In this DVD, Harry shares his journey on the road to success and tells listeners how to become the educators they were meant to be.

When the books, video series, CD, DVD, and eLearning course are used together, they form the most effective professional development training tool for producing effective teachers. Staff developers and administrators who would like to know how to implement the aforementioned book, video series, and CD are encouraged to consult the book, New Teacher Induction:  How to Train, Support, and Retain New Teachers.  Information about these products can be found by visiting the publisher's website at

Helping you produce effective teachers is our passion.

Harry & Rosemary Wong Columns on Teachers.Net...
Related Resources & Discussions on Teachers.Net...

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