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Volume 3 Number 4

Harry & Rosemary Wong remind us, "Leaders lead and they lead by caring enough about the success of their teachers that they will roll up their sleeves and model instructional leadership."...
Effective Teaching by Harry & Rosemary Wong
Promoting Learning by Marv Marshall
4 Blocks by Cheryl Sigmon
Ask the School Psychologist by Beth Bruno
Online Classrooms by Leslie Bowman
The Eclectic Teacher by Ginny Hoover
The Busy Educator's Monthly Five (5 Sites for Busy Educators) by Marjan Glavac
Ask the Literacy Teacher by Leigh Hall
Visual Impairments by Dave Melanson
Instant Ideas for Busy Teachers by Barbara Gruber and Sue Gruber
Reflecting Upon Read Across America
Earth Day Compilation
The World in Lights
Take a Seat at the Bottom of the Class
Starting Children on Science
Tips for teachers being bullied!
Mr. Choose-A-Chart
Teaching Perseverance Through Adversity-A History Lesson
It's An Early Spring!
Memo to Staff: Our Computer System Crashed-We Have No 'Backups'-You're Not Getting Paid for a Month!
Keep Your Online Community Alive!
Curricular Science the 'Curry' way!
Geography Awareness
Principal of the Year Ray Mellberg
eBook Technology
Respect Means...
Creative Uses for Digital Cameras in the Classroom
Teaching Gayle to Read (Part 4)
Young Lawyers Ementoring Magnet Students
The Welcome Mat of a High School On-Line Community
Plato Lives...
The Asphalt Classroom
26 Teaching Tips for the Dog Days
Using Storytelling in the Classroom
Recapturing the Courage to Teach
To Leave No Child Behind
If you say you CAN'T, it means you WON'T
Something Nice a Student Did Yesterday...
When Your Child Comes Home Messy
Praise vs. Encouragement
People Don't Play...
Apple Seeds
Special Days This Month
Poem - Song of a Second April
The Lighter Side of Teaching
  • YENDOR'S Top Ten
  • Culprit Management
  • Schoolies
  • Woodhead
  • Handy Teacher Recipes
    Classroom Crafts
    Help Wanted - Teaching Jobs
    "Why Do We Have Night" from the Lesson Bank
    Upcoming Ed Conferences
    Letters to the Editor
    The School Web Page: A Vehicle for Innovation
    Eighth Emerson Prizes Awarded in Boston
    Student Nanoexperiments Will Help Future Astronauts on Mars
    The 11th Annual National Institute for Early Childhood Professional
    International Conference on Computers in Education
    SESSIONS ANNOUNCED: Congress in the Classroom 2002
    Teacher Network United States Mint
    DEADLINE: Civic Education Grants
    Gazette Home Delivery:


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    In Focus...
    Eighth Emerson Prizes Awarded in Boston

    From: The Concord Review

    Sudbury, Massachusetts - The eighth annual Ralph Waldo Emerson Prizes for student work of outstanding academic promise at the secondary level were awarded this Spring to Emily Alter of Larkspur, California (now at Carleton College), Jonas Doberman of Boulder, Colorado (now at Harvard), David Gopstein of New York City (now at Princeton), Tanya Sibai of Memphis, Tennessee (now at Tulane), and Sarah Weiss of Chicago (now at Yale) according to Will Fitzhugh, Editor and Publisher of The Concord Review.

    The awards were presented at the New England History Teachers Association's Kidger Reception at the Park Plaza Hotel in Boston, Massachusetts, in the afternoon on Tuesday, March 12, 2002.

    Each Emerson Prize laureate received a check for $3,000, and a copy of David McCullough's Pulitzer Prize-winning biography Truman, along with the letter of award. Past Emerson awards have gone to high school students from Czechoslovakia, Washington, D.C., Florida, California, Vermont, New Zealand, Utah, Massachusetts, Russia, Washington State, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Illinois, Japan, and New York.

    Founded in 1987, The Concord Review, the first and only quarterly journal in the world for the academic work of secondary students, has published 49 issues with 539 essays (average 5,000 words) by students of history in forty-two states and thirty-three other countries. These exemplary essays have been distributed to subscribers throughout the United States and in thirty-two other countries.

    Diane Ravitch, Senior Research Scholar at New York University and former Assistant Secretary of Education has said: "The Concord Review provides a splendid forum for the best student work in history. It deserves the support of everyone in the country who cares about improving the study of history in the schools." Eugene D. Genovese, President of The Historical Society, has said, "That you are performing a valuable service to American education goes without saying…With each issue of The Concord Review I feel better about the future of American education and of our profession." Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Historian, has said: "The Concord Review offers young people a unique incentive to think and write carefully and well…The Concord Review inspires and honors historical literacy. It should be in every high school in the land."

    Will Fitzhugh
    The Concord Review
    National Writing Board
    730 Boston Post Road, Suite 24
    Sudbury, MA 01776 USA
    (800) 331-5007

    In Focus...
    Planetary Society's Student Nanoexperiments Will Help Future Astronauts on Mars

    From: The Planetary Society

    Smaller than a dime yet big enough to study another world, two student-designed nanoexperiments to investigate conditions on Mars for future human explorers debuted in a presentation at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in Houston, March 11-15, 2002.

    Students Lucas Möller, 13, and the team of Kelly Trowbridge, 15, and Jessica Sherman, 15, won the opportunity in The Planetary Society's Nanoexperiment Challenge to have their experiments built for flight on a future mission to Mars. The Nanoexperiment Challenge is now named SNOOPY, the acronym for Student Nanoexperiments for Outreach and Observational Planetary Inquiry.

    "SNOOPY gave students a chance to make something directly for Mars exploration," said Louis Friedman, Executive Director of The Planetary Society. "Our goal is to involve more people in the adventure of planetary exploration - and designing an experiment for future human exploration is the grandest adventure of all."

    The Planetary Society held the contest in 1999 in cooperation with the Mars Environmental Compatibility Assessment (MECA) Experiment team and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Young people worldwide were invited to submit proposals and prototypes for the first student-designed experiment on Mars. The SNOOPY experiments were required to be consistent with MECA's Mission: to help us better understand how humans will be able to live on Mars.

    SNOOPY Experiments
    Möller, from Moscow Junior High School in Moscow, Idaho, submitted an experiment to measure the angle of avalanche of Martian dust. Trowbridge and Sherman, students at Lansing High School in Lansing, New York, designed an experiment to test how textured copper will weather in the dust-filled Martian atmosphere.

    The experiments were originally to be incorporated into the MECA experiment package, which contained patches designed to test how the Martian environment affects different materials, including spacesuit fabrics. MECA and SNOOPY were originally scheduled to fly on the cancelled Mars Surveyor 2001 lander mission. The SNOOPY experiments are now ready to hitch a ride on an alternate mission. Possibilities could include Britain's Beagle 2 on the European Space Agency's Mars Express mission, France's Netlander, or NASA's Mars landers or Scout missions.

    SNOOPY results had to be something that could be observed by the camera located on the robotic arm of the Mars Surveyor 2001 lander and require no power or commands from the spacecraft. From the prototypes submitted, two were selected for construction for flight testing.

    Experiments had to be compact enough to fit within a cylinder that was one (1) centimeter in diameter by one (1) centimeter in height. Total mass allowance was three (3) grams or less. Plus, the experiments needed to be self-contained, since no power from the lander would be available to power the student experiments.

    The Planetary Society funded the building of the actual flight units, including the cost of materials, construction and testing. Visionary Products, Inc. of Utah built the flight test units.

    The results of both experiments have importance to future Mars exploration. Dust in the harsh Martian environment is hazardous to the operation of equipment. Knowing the angle that Martian dust avalanches off surfaces, would allow engineers to design machines or solar panels that would allow dust to fall off and not affect them. The textured copper experiment will help show how suitable the metal is for use on Mars by measuring the rate of corrosion and oxidation in the Martian atmosphere, as well as how dust settles on its surface.

    MECA Advisers
    MECA team advisors for SNOOPY include Kimberly Kuhlman of JPL, J. R. Marshall of the SETI Institute, A. M. Waldron and C. A. Batt of the Nanobiotechnology Center at Cornell University, Michael Hecht of JPL and Tom Meloy of West Virginia University, the Principal Investigator for MECA. Martin Towner of Open University was also an advisor for SNOOPY.

    Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray and Louis Friedman founded The Planetary Society in 1980 to advance the exploration of the solar system and to continue the search for extraterrestrial life. With members in over 140 countries, the Society is the largest space interest group in the world.

    For more information about The Planetary Society, contact Susan Lendroth at (626) 793-5100 ext 237 or by e-mail at

    The Planetary Society -
    65 N. Catalina Ave.
    Pasadena, CA 91106-2301
    Tel: (626) 793-5100
    Fax: (626) 793-5528