Posted by Jacqueline C. Miller (camjcm@pilot.infi.net).

Churchland Academy Elementary School, Portsmouth, VA

Materials Required: Ring Toss Game, Flash Cards

Activity Time: 20 to 25 minutes

Concepts Taught: to find sums and differences to 18

Divide the class into two teams. Teacher will present a flash card with an addition fact or subtraction fact to 18.

The first player gives the sum or difference. If the student gets the correct answer his team scores one point. The

student is then allowed to toss the ring at the post. If the student's ring rings the post it is called a "Ringer" and

counts for two points. The quieter group, if a difference can be heard wins an extra five points. Exceptional noise of either team

= five points lost. Play continues for a given amount of time. The team with the most points at the end of play wins.This activity encourages quick recall of addition and subtraction facts. It is an excellent way to make learning of these facts fun.